Fasteners and machine parts
Components of a technical application that fulfil certain functions in structures are known as machine elements. Machine elements can be both single components and assemblies.
Simple machine elements such as screws, cylinder pins, feather keys or seals are defined according to standards and therefore can be exchanged without difficulty. More complex machine elements such as bearings, couplings, gears or shafts are standardised in only certain important properties, such as main dimensions or flanges, and as such are not fully interchangeable.